The mountains can be a barrier to both plants and animals due to rapidly changing ecosystems, harsh climates, scarce food and treacherous climbing. Plants at higher elevations have stems or rhizomes which extend deep beneath the soil’s surface. This helps in the survival of all the organisms in a habitat. Hair and feathers insulate animals by trapping a blanket of warm air near the skin, and hollow hairs or feathers can amplify this effect. live life in water as well as on land in the following ways: (1) Frogs have webbed back feet which help them to swim in water (webbed feet are formed from thin skin between toes and work like paddles for swimming). Plants living in deserts need to reduce the loss of water because water is very scarce in deserts. Reindeers 8. ADAPTATION OF POLAR BEAR video 13. After some days however, small changes occur in our body due to which our body adjusts to the new environment of thin air on mountain. Question 10 What is meant by terrestrial habitat? Your email address will not be published. This helps the mountain trees to survive in winter when all A very high hill is called a mountain. In some are called the abiotic components or abiotic factors of the habitat. Also Read NCERT Solutions for Chapter 9 The Living Organisms and their Surroundings. e) Polar region: These regions are covered with high snowy peaks. The habitats having water all around are called, Ocean water contains a lot of salts dissolved in it, so ocean water is very salty. (3) The needle-like leaves have a thick waxy layer (or cuticle) to reduce the loss of water through transpiration and to protect them from damage by rain and snow. Cactus is the most common plant found in deserts. Foxes 9. (1) Terrestrial habitats, and Ocean is not a fresh water habitats. Since a camel loses very little water from its body, it can live for many days without drinking water. Winds are dry and cold. (3) Water is also required by the plants to make food. Page 1 of 1. On the high mountains, it is also more windy. The diversity of plants on the planet earth is an important resource for food, shelter, and agriculture. Question 12 Why speed is important for the survival of animals like deer which live in grassland habitat? That level is called the timberline, or tree line. (5) A camel has large and flat feet which help it to walk easily on soft sand (by preventing it from sinking into soft sand). We say that our body has acclimatised (or got used) to the mountain environment. ... cold adaptation in animals, one obvious strategy that comes to mind is fur and feathers. All the parts of such plants (including stem, branches and leaves) grow under water. Long hours of exposure to the sun results in a tan. A camel is adapted to the desert environment whereas a fish is adapted to live in water. Your email address will not be published. Such animals stay deeper in the ocean near the sea-bed and catch any prey that moves towards them. The animals in these regions are usually white or light colored, e.g., polar bear, penguin. Adaptations are very, very slow changes which take place in the bodies of organisms over thousands of years There are, however, some changes which can occur in organisms over a short period of time to help them to adjust to some sudden changes in their environment. Tree - Tree - Adaptations: The environmental factors affecting trees are climate, soils, topography, and biota. This helps in reducing the loss of water from the leaves through transpiration. (b) The mountain goat has strong hooves for running up the rocky slopes of mountains for grazing (The hard and rough feet of an animal are called hooves). (4) The broad-leaved trees found on mountains shed their leaves before the onset of winter. are called the, The presence of specific feature which enable a plant or an animal to live in a particular habitat is called. Question 9 Name the biotic and abiotic components of a habitat? This shape of the mountain trees makes the rain-water and snow to slide off easily without damaging the branches and leaves. The types of habitats vary from organism to organism. (2) Mountain regions, and It gets less rain in a year than most plants and animals need to live. Roots are near the soil surfaces that soak up water before it evaporates. But when squids and octopus move in sea-water, they make their body shape streamlined. All plants ingest atmospheric carbon dioxide and convert it into sugars and starches through the process of photosynthesis but they do it in different ways. Geophytes of the desert avoid periods of drought by surviving as underground bulbs or corns. (4) Water evaporates more quickly in windy places due to which the trees on mountains can lose too much water easily through their leaves. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Some plants prefer to live in water e.g. Frogs are found in shady, damp conditions near ponds. registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion soil water is frozen in the form of ice and not available to their roots. The tundra is (4) The fish has strong tail for swimming. Because of the heavy rainfall, trees and plants grow well. Flowers that follow the sun can be seen on mountain avens and Iceland poppies. The light brown colour helps the lion to hide in dry grassland (without being noticed) when it hunts for prey. However, plants and animals that do reside in the mountains have adapted in many ways to survive in harsh conditions. This adaptation helps the Mountain ash tree to survive by reducing how much time the leaves are exposed to sunlight which reduces water loss. The fish is adapted to live life in water because of its following special features: (1) The head, trunk and tail of a fish merge to form a streamlined shape. In desert, there are animals like desert rats and desert snakes which do not have long legs like camel to keep their body away from hot desert sand. Some adaptations of plants are following: Tundra also contains permafrost, or permanently frozen soil. (b) The stems of such plants grow up to the surface of water while the leaves and flowers float on the surface of water. The animals like desert rats and The adaptations in animals living in water are about their movement in water for breathing. So we can say that cactus and camel live in a terrestrial habitat (called desert). White flowers can trap some heat and may be a degree or two warmer than the leaves. The Living Organisms and Their Surroundings, NCERT Solutions for Chapter 9 The Living Organisms and their Surroundings, Adaptation in Animals to Mountain Habitats, Adaptation in Plants to Mountain Habitats, adaptations in animals living in the aquatic habitats, Economics Chapter 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy – Notes & Study Material, Economics Chapter 1 Development – Notes & Study Material, Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries – Notes & Study Material. Question 15 Describe the various adaptations of desert animals? On the other hand, the changes which take place during adaptation are permanent and cannot be reversed. (2) The desert animals such as desert rats and desert snakes pass out very small amount Frogs spend most of their time on land but come back to water to lay their eggs. So, the presence of gills in sea-animals is an adaptation for breathing inside the water. (5) The deer has strong teeth for chewing hard plant stems of the forest. The plants in desert habitat are well adapted to cope with the shortage of water and high temperature by storing water (when available) and reducing the loss of water. The habitats having water all around are called aquatic habitats. The mountain habitats are usually very cold and windy. Some of the important terrestrial habitats are: A waterless area of land covered with sand and having little or no vegetation (plants, etc.) Page 1 of 1. The various non-living things such as soil, rocks, air, water, sunlight and temperature etc. For Each species of tree adapts to these factors in an integrated way—that is, by evolving specific subpopulations adapted to the constraints of their particular environments. Plant adaptations in the desert, rainforest and tundra allow plants and trees to sustain life. (b) The snow leopard has a thick layer of fat beneath its skin for insulation” to protect it from cold. Plants and animals develop special characteristic or features features in their body in order to survive in their habitat (or surroundings). Plant adaptations to cold and hot climates included. Aquatic adaptation. desert plants are modified to perform the functions of leaves. A bird’s habitat is tree. The desert is a dry area with scarcity of waters thus the plants there have small leaves and many spines which help them to conserve water. Author of this website, Mrs Shilpi Nagpal is MSc (Hons, Chemistry) and BSc (Hons, Chemistry) from Delhi University, B.Ed (I. P. University) and has many years of experience in teaching. Frogs can live inside water as well as on land, near the pond. For example, those that live in the sea may have fins or flippers rather than legs. (d) Cactus plants have long roots to absorb water form a larger area. In the ocean habitat, the plants and animals are surrounded by saline water (salty water), Most of the plants and animals which live n the ocean use oxygen dissolved in water for breathing. Some sea-animals like squids and octopus do not have streamlined body shape. (3) At very low temperatures in winter, the soil water freezes and hence becomes unavailable to the roots of trees and plants. Provided with highly irrigated skin, these frogs breathe trough the skin the oxygen diluted in the water. (2) Frogs have strong back legs for hopping (jumping) and catching their prey. Give example? (5) Temperature (or heat) is required for the germination of seeds to grow into new plants. The animals in these regions are usually white or light colored, e.g., polar bear, penguin. NEW AQA GCSE Biology - 'Bioenergetics' lessons, Biodiversity within a community (AQA A-level Biology), Science Team Quiz 2020 - Team Building Quiz for KS3. Question 17 How is snow leopard adapted to live in cold mountain region having snow all around? So, the habitat of a camel is the desert. Plants adapt to dry conditions in a variety of ways, but many respond to dry conditions by storing large quantities of water, which can be used in times of need. A very large area of sea is called ocean. The living in a habitat are plants, animals and micro-organisms. Question 5 Write the adaptation in animals which help them to survive in the aquatic habitat like ocean? Tes Global Ltd is The streamlined shape of sea animals is an adaptation for swimming in water. The adaptation in some animals such as yak, mountain goat and snow leopard which live in mountain regions are: It is covered with long silky hair to protect them from cold by keeping them warm. Some of the common plants and their habitats are given below : The fish is an animal which lives in water. (2) The photosynthesis in cactus plants is carried out by the green stem. This video from Kriti Educational Videos is about the adaptation of the plants. Dolphins and whales breathe in air through nostrils (called blowholes) which are located on the upper parts of their heads. The two examples of aquatic plants which are partly submerged in water are water lily and lotus. Aquatic plants (Hydrophytes) and their adaptational characteristics. Required fields are marked *, The place (or surroundings) where a plant or animal lives is called its. (3) The lion has eyes in front of its head which enable it to have a correct idea of the location of its prey. (3) The cactus plants store water in their stems.The stems of a cactus plant is covered with thick waxy layer (called cuticle) which prevents the loss of water from it through evaporation. Some plants are also able to grow under a layer of snow. The stems of desert plants are also covered with a thick waxy layer (called cuticle) which prevents the loss water from it. (2) Many mountain trees have small, needle-like leaves due to which these leaves lose very, little water in windy conditions. The climate around us keeps on changing. Some of the adaptations in animals living in the aquatic habitats like ocean (or sea) are as follows: (1) Many sea-animals have streamlined bodies to help them move in sea-water easily. A plant or an animal is adapted to survive in its habitat. (4) Sunlight provides energy to the plants to make food by the process of photosynthesis. Enjoy learning more examples in this enjoyable KS2 quiz for pupils in Year 3, Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6. Some of the adaptations in animals living in the aquatic habitats like ocean (or sea) are as follows: (1) Many sea-animals have streamlined bodies to help them move in sea-water easily. Conditions. 3. The lion is adapted to the forest habitat in the following ways: (1) The lion is a strong, fast and agile animal which can hunt and kill its prey like deer. The pond habitat has also many types of animals such as: Dragon flies, Kingfishers, Herons, Fish, Frogs, Turtles, Water-spiders, Water-skaters, Snails, Ducks in and around it. The presence of nostrils in dolphins and whales is an adaptation for breathing. In desert plants photosynthesis is usually carried out by their green stem. As the exposure to heat and UV rays increases, the melanocytes present in the skin ramp up the production of melanin. As you go higher up the mountain and it gets colder, the vegetation and wildlife change. (d) The snow leopard has big feet to spread the weight on snow and prevent it sinking into soft snow. The second adaptation of the Grass tree is that it is a slow grower. The plants which grow, derive food, multiply and adjust themselves inside water are called aquatic plants. Biodiversity in Plants. So, the habitat of a fish can be pond, lake, river or sea. In some, plants, the leaves are highly divided so that water can easily flow through them without damaging them. The body structure of a fish helps it to survive inside water. To survive in mountain habitat, the trees should have adaptations to protect themselves from the rain-water, snowfall and loss of too much water. Mountains 101 is a broad and integrated overview of the mountain world. The leaves have thick waxy skins which help to retain water for a long time. A habitat provides everything to the organisms which they need to live. On the other hand ponds, lakes and rivers are called. Adaptation of crop plants depends on many factors, and is best considered in relation to a set of conditions (environmental, edaphic (soil) and biotic) rather than to a single factor alone. The animals like frog have ponds as their habitat. Due to this, speed is important for the animals which live in grassland habitats(so that they can run away from their enemies). Plants adaptation to Tundra: Tundra is a type of biome distinguished by its very cold temperatures, lack of precipitation, and absence of trees. Types of Habitat . Plants adaptation to Taiga: The plants that live in the Taiga are better adapted to life in a land of limited sunlight and poor soil nutrition. Mountain goat has to live in the cold climate of mountains as well as to run up the rocky slopes of the mountains for grazing. The leaves of floating plants are, however, similar, The animals like frog have ponds as their habitat. Polar Regions are characterized by extreme cold and long snowy winters. Class IV Science -Plants Adaptation 1. In case of emergency, a camel can break down stored fat to obtain water. Question 1 What is a habitat? Dolphins and whales breathe in air through blowholes when they swim near the surface of water. The adaptations in animals living in water are about their movement in water for breathing. After breathing in air, they close the blowholes with flaps and dive into the sea. The burrows stay cool during the day and hence protect these animals from the sun’s heat as well as loss of water from their body. The second adaptation is a behavioural adaptation and it is that the Mountain ash is a very fast growing tree. White flowers are attractive to generalist pollinators. Plants at higher elevations have stems or rhizomes which extend deep beneath the soil's surface. 3.The submerged aquatic plants have narrow and thin ribbon-like leaves which bend in the flowing water of rivers and streams and hence do not obstruct the flow of water. Only the animals like marine fish (sea-fish) and other such creatures can survive in an ocean habitat because changes have occurred in their body structure over long periods of time which help them to survive in the saline water of ocean habitat. Titicaca lake also houses a wild type of Frog (telmatobius culeus). Mountains 101 is a broad and integrated overview of the mountain world. (1) There is lot of rain in mountain regions. 6. The floating leaves of partly submerged plants are quite broad but flexible. The deer is adapted to the forest habitat in the following ways: The term “abiotic” means “non living”. PICTURES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN POLAR REGION TUNDRA PLANTS PENGUIN PICTURES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN DESERT Approximately 1,700 species of plants live on the Arctic tundra, including flowering plants, dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. A fish can live in water only because it is adapted to breathe in water. London WC1R 4HQ. Last Updated on November 7, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 8 Comments. The process of becoming accustomed to a different environment (such as high altitude of mountains) over short periods is called acclimatisation. Thanks for sharing this . In order to survive, plants and animals will adjust to suit their habitats. This pigment helps to absorb the heat and protects the nucleus, thus protecting the DNA from mutation due to UV radiation. The snow leopard has also fur on its feet and toes. (4) The lion is light brown in colour. Some examples of terrestrial habitats are forests, grasslands, deserts, coastal and mountain … In a habitat, soil, water, air many other components of physical environment are also present, Thus, a, The biotic components of a habitat are: Plants, Animals and Micro-organisms.